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Davis Art
2014 Catalog
art education curriculum
Artist Biographies
Select a letter below to see the biographies for artists
whose last names start with that letter.
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Rand, Paul (United States, 1914-1996)
Rand is known for his comprehensive designs-logos, signs, packages, advertising-for large companies, including IBM and Westinghouse. He has written about the design process and served as art director for several magazines.

Rauschenberg, Robert (United States, b.1925)
Rauschenberg acted as the bridge between Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art when he fastened such mundane objects as license plates and street signs to his abstract canvases. He called them 'combine paintings.' Rauschenberg combines everything imaginable to create the visual sensation he desires. By juxtaposing usually unrelated materials, the artist has succeeded in forcing the viewer to look at ordinary things in a different context.

Ray, Man (United States, 1890-1977)
Man Ray is best known for his experimental work in photography. He developed the technique of making photograms, which he called rayographs, and other techniques. He made three experimental films in which abstract and surrealist images are dominant. His interest in a variety of techniques is also evident in his paintings and sculpture.

Red Grooms (United States, b.1937)
Red Grooms has a very unique style, although he was an abstract expressionist in his early years. He calls his papier-mâché environments 'sculpto-pictoramas.' These colorful installations completely engulf viewers as they walk through them. Grooms combines sculpture, construction, and painting to produce pieces that overflow with detail, exaggerated perspective, verbal and visual puns, and cartoonlike figures.

Reid, Bill (Canada, b.1920)
Reid, a Haida Indian, began his career as a metalsmith working in gold and silver as his grandfather had done. Reid also studied the design and techniques in older Haida works that were in museums. Reid shares his knowledge of techniques and Haida design concepts through his own masterful work and through teaching, writing, and films.

Reid, George Agnew (Canada, 1860-1947)
Reid's paintings reveal his interest in Canada's landscape and history. His paintings and murals are in many Canadian buildings and museums. He donated his collection of almost 500 works to the Ontario Department of Education.

Reiss, Winold (United States, 1886-1953)
Reiss was born in Germany and emigrated to New York in 1913. He painted many portraits of Harlem residents. He later went to Montana, where he created paintings about the last buffalo hunters. His best-known works are his mosaics, made for Cinncinnati's Union Terminal, that trace the history of local industries.

Rembrandt van Rijn (The Netherlands, 1606-1669)
Rembrandt was the greatest Dutch painter and one of the great geniuses of the art world. Many of his works are known for their dramatic moods and simple arrangements. His portraits show great skill in using light and shadow to highlight facial features. He was also a master printmaker. Like other Baroque artists, Rembrandt painted many self-portraits. And as he aged, his work became more personal and stronger.

Remington, Frederic (United States, 1861-1906)
Remington was a painter and sculptor of the great westward expansion in America. Although known primarily for his paintings, Remington sculpted many fine pieces in bronze. Sculptures such as The Outlaw show his supreme knowledge of horses, cowboys, and their movement. The action and subject matter of his pieces were strictly American to the point of nostalgia.

Renick, Patricia A. (United States, 1932-2007)
Renick was widely known for her sculpture, but she also created paintings, drawings, and prints. She preferred to maintain at least two directions for work at any given time, so that ideas from one medium or theme could be contrasted with, or inspire, additional work.

Renoir, Pierre Auguste (France, 1841-1919)
The Impressionist painter Renoir was especially interested in painting women and the nude figure. His earlier works are cheerful and known for their bright colors. His later paintings are known for their soft, longish brushstrokes. Among his many popular works is Dance at the Moulin de la Galette Montmartre.

Reynolds, Sir Joshua (England, 1723-1792)
The English painter Sir Joshua Reynolds traveled around Europe. While living in Rome, Italy, he was influenced by Renaissance and Classical painting and architecture. After returning home, he helped found the Royal Academy of Arts. He is best known for huge portraits, which include grand settings.

Rietveld, Gerrit (The Netherlands, 1888-1964)
Many European architects were influenced by Americans and the new ideas they brought to architecture. A Dutchman, Rietveld combined the influence of American architects with the ideas of Futuristic visual artists to create a distinctive modern look. He used crisp lines and multiple surfaces to mimic the look of a Futuristic painting in three dimensions.

Riley, Bridget (Great Britain, b.1931)
Bridget Riley creates purely Op Art paintings. She paints surfaces that seem to undulate before the viewer's eyes. If the viewer gazes steadily in one place, shifts eye movement, or moves the work a bit, the image itself will move. Her works are capable of producing a dizzy sensation in some viewers. Riley's surfaces seem to wriggle, and the viewer cannot make the sensation stop, especially when confronting the work in its actual size.

Rivera, Diego (Mexico, 1886-1957)
Rivera was influenced by avant-garde artists in Paris, but ultimately achieved his own brilliant and personal expression. He revived the fresco technique and brought it back to Mexico where he put his ideas on public walls for all to see. Rivera's freedom of expression developed into a national style that typified the spirit of the Revolution there. Liberation of the Peon is a strong social protest against the inhumanity of the landowners toward their workers and explores art as an expressive, emotional force.

Roche, Kevin (United States, b.1922) and John Dinkeloo (United States, 1918-1981)
Roche and Dinkeloo are known for designing buildings that allow the maximum amount of light on the interior and free flowing spaces in the interior, including interior balconies or courtyards.

Rockwell, Norman (United States, 1894-1978)
Rockwell became one of the most well-known illustrators in the United States. He focused on capturing the atmosphere of environments and events in a 'semi-photographic' style.

Rodchenko, Alexander (Russia, 1891-1956)
Rodchenko coined the term Nonobjectivism to describe his early drawings and paintings of geometric forms created with the aid of a ruler and compass, and without recognizable images. He also designed furniture, made films and photographs, and constructed sculptures to hang from ceilings. He was an important and early leader of experimental art in Russia.

Rodia, Simon (United States, 1875-1965)
Rodia was born in Italy. Although he had no formal education, he learned about architecture and sculpture through construction jobs he held. In his garden in Watts, California, he built concrete towers, fountains and walkways covered with mosaics of broken glass and pottery.

Rodin, Auguste (France, 1840-1917)
The artist, Rodin, is best known for his powerful bronze sculptures. He experimented with figures in action, accidental effects, and feelings of tension. And the rough surfaces of his bronzes often shimmer with reflected light. Like the works of the Impressionist painters, Rodin's sculptures were not popular with the critics or public. People of the time thought they were too rough and unfinished looking. His best-known work is The Thinker.

Rogier van der Weyden (Flanders, 1399-1464)
Rogier van der Weyden painted detailed religious works that are often filled with drama and emotion. His compositions are also known for their sense of balance. Among his greatest works is Descent from the Cross, a huge oil painting now in The Prado Museum in Madrid, Spain. The Northern Renaissance artist is also known for his simple but beautiful portraits. Rogier's works had a strong influence on later artists.

Rosenquist, James (United States, b.1933)
James Rosenquist worked as a billboard painter who began to create king-sized paintings on canvas. He uses many techniques of commercial and industrial artists, and he mimics the advertising style of art. His work has the feeling of Pop Art in its common subjects, but he combines many images into one framework. His work creates the impression of watching a dozen television commercials at once or zipping by several advertising billboards at a high rate of speed.

Rosso Fiorentino (Italy, 1494-1540)
Rosso led a group of painters who rejected the lessons of the Renaissance artists. He crowded his figures into tight compositions with open space at the center. And his figures look agitated, yet rigid, as if frozen in time and space. His works also display an unusual use of color and light. Such art is typical of the early Mannerist period in which Rosso worked.

Rothko, Mark (Russia/United States, 1903-1970)
Mark Rothko was an early abstractionist who developed a style based on soft edges and blending colors. His expression was not the harsh and slashing furor of other Abstract Expressionists, but a subtle and serene expression of a hushed and brooding mood. As his work became more simplified, the sizes of his canvases became larger, the color became less contrasting and less intense, and he limited his large rectangular shapes to only two or three. His final works were done mostly in grays and blacks. Color, so important earlier, was completely abandoned.

Rouault, Georges (France, 1871-1958)
A devout Catholic, Rouault's artistic expression was deeply rooted in his religious background and his fascination with medieval art. His numerous depictions of Christ were often limited to tragic faces as his Head of Christ illustrates. Rouault felt that his 'passion' was mirrored in a human face. His favorite impasto technique, broad brushstrokes and massive black lines, aided his personal, dynamic form of visual expression.

Rousseau, Henri (France, 1844-1910)
Rousseau's dreamlike oil paintings are filled with enchanted forests and tropical jungles. They often include exotic flowers, wild animals, and an occasional person or two. The artist had no formal training, and his paintings seem innocent and na•ve. At first the public laughed at his work, but many artists admired his style. Today, The Sleeping Gypsy is one of Rousseau's most popular creations.

Rubens, Peter Paul (Flanders, 1577-1640)
Rubens had so many commissions that he set up a painting workshop. He usually painted the figures, but other artists helped him complete each work. In this way, Rubens was able to create more than 2000 paintings. Although Flemish, the artist was inspired by Italian art. His magnificent Baroque paintings are known for swirling physical movement, marvelous color, and energetic brushwork.

Ruysch, Rachel (The Netherlands, 1664-1750)
The daughter of an amateur painter, Ruysch became one of Holland's best painters of still lifes. She is known for realistic paintings of flowers, which she liked to arrange asymmetrically. But her compositions were not limited to a vase of flowers on a table; she often painted flowers in a woodland setting. Ruysch was widely admired and well paid for her works of art. The painting Flower Still Life is typical of her carefully detailed and delicate style.


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